Aztec was ruled by an Emperor whose main purpose was to lead in the wars. The Aztecs were nomads that were instructed by Huitzilopochtli, the Aztec sun and war god, to head south in search of an eagle on a cactus with a snake in its mouth. The Aztec and Inca Empires Both the Inca and Aztec civilizations have similarities in religion, politics and social structure. People learned to irrigate fields. They built great pyramids (yes, Egypt isn’t the only place where pyramids have stood) and plazas of great stone columns. Both Incas and Aztecs participated in human sacrifices ; Both had very developed civilization; Both were conquered by Spain. Differences in the Aztecs, Mayans and Incas. The Maya, Inca, and Aztec people make up three great ancient civilizations of our world. Trade brought the Inca much wealth, but within its own realm, meaning between different kingdoms that have been incorporated into the Empire. mountains. Columbian civilizations were the Maya, the Aztec, and the Inca. These two civilization were both said to be conquered by the Spanish, but it … The Maya, Inca, and Aztecs built great civilizations in Mexico and in Central and South America between 1,800 and 500 years ago. (Aztec by Herman Cortes, Inca by Francisco Pizarro) Both believed in idols (polygamy) Both depended on agriculture ; Both believed and worshiped a sun god Yvonne has worked for nutritionists, start-ups, dating companies, SEO firms, newspapers, board game companies, and much more as a writer and editor. hierarchy. However, the Nahuatl language is carried on by Mexican Indians, and Aztec culture lives on in descendants. While life may be different now, many of the Mayans of modern-day still practice the same rituals as their ancestors. When Spanish conquistadors arrived in the Americas in the 1500s, among the native civilizations they encountered were two great empires. A visit to Peru will feel like you’re stepping into the time of the Incans while you look at their buildings made of rock and explore the textile culture passed down from ancient generations. Each of them was different but all shared some of the same qualities. 2005. 700. They developed ways to store food. The Aztecs lived in central Mexico from 1325 to 1523 AD. The Aztecs had a particularly gory ritual of daily human sacrifice, as they believed the sun would not rise if the sacrifices stopped. How were the governments of the Maya and Aztec civilizations different? The local rulers and conquered people had to pay tax to the Aztec. The Aztec and Inca empires grew rapidly during the fifteenth century and were far superior than the other Indigenous groups in their land. Like the Mayans and Incans, the Aztecs had an abundance of agriculture. The Maya civilization occupied what is now Guatemala, Belize, parts of Honduras and El Salvador, the Mexican... Aztec. The Aztec Empire covered much of central Mexico, and had its capital at Tenochtitlan, the site of modern Mexico City. Mayan, Aztec, Inca The Maya, Aztec, and Inca were three civilizations that lived in Latin America during the middle ages. They were the first to build sacred cities made of stone while their art, religion and even their love of ball games was passed onto other … While the people were ethnically diverse, their government was less governing and more a system of tribute. They also wanted the goods/riches of other tribes. Two of the biggest and greatest civilization in the Americas were the Aztecs and Incas. You’ve probably heard talk of the mysteries of Mayan culture, often revolving around the end of their calendar system, which happened on December 21, 2012. Adena. The Incas developed brain surgery but not writing, worshiped the sun and, apparently, ritually sacrificed "perfect" children to their gods, abandoning them in freezing mountaintop caves. This emperor was also the empire’s religious leader. The Maya civilization occupied what is now Guatemala, Belize, parts of Honduras and El Salvador, the Mexican states of Tabasco and Chiapas, and the entire Yucatan Peninsula. The "golden era" of the Maya civilization occurred between 250 and 900 AD, with more than 40 cities, some of which had populations of more than 50, 000. The Aztec and Maya were Mesoamerican civilizations, living in Mexico and Central America, while the Incas lived in South America. Mayans had a written language and made books from paper. How Does the Witness Protection Program Work? They have their own pantheon of gods and ideas of the underworld and the “higher world.”. While we refer to them as Aztecs, the Aztec people called themselves Mexica. Activities Crossword Puzzle Word Search Recommended books and references: Aztec, Inca, and Maya an Eyewitness Book by Elizabeth Baquedano. The Aztecs, Mayans and Incas are often confused in the minds of those who have not studied their history. The Aztecs may be the most colorful (I’m talking about their statues and art) of these three ancient civilizations. *Comprehensively covers the civilizations' most famous characteristics, including Mayan astronomy, the Aztecs' infamous human sacrifice rituals, and the Inca's Macchu Picchu. Both the Aztec and Inca had calendars of their own. Aztecs Incas Mayans Maya. While the Aztec’s had one big empire; the Inca had their empire split into four sections each with its own governor from the royal family. Their name comes for the city of Mayapan, which once stood in the Yucatan in ancient times. Both the Aztec and the Inca were defeated by Spanish conquistadors. While these two empires expanded differently they both prove to be the most power empires to have existed in Mesoamerica. The Aztec and Inca Empires did not have the means to trade that further afield. They all were civilizations that had a daily life than revolved around religion. Both the Aztec and Inca had calendars of their own. • Mayans were the first to come and settle in modern-day Mexico. By submitting your email, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Who created earthworks? They each existed in Mexico and across South America many hundreds and thousands of years ago. • Mayans were a far better civilization as they had a different approach to scientific processes. They conquered their neighbors and then gave them better lives. They each existed in Mexico and across South America many hundreds and thousands of years ago. The empire was already severely weakened by civil war and diseases such as smallpox when Pizarro arrived. The volcanoes located in the southern part of the lands created nutrient-rich volcanic soil, which was excellent for farming. The Aztec and Maya were both American Indian people. There were rumors at one time that the Mayan civilization completely disappeared, but that just isn’t true. The first of these was the Maya civilization. Much of what is known today about the Inca comes from archaeologists. The Spanish took over all the Incan lands within 40 years, taking vast quantities of gold, destroying the cities, and nearly erasing an entire civilization. When they arrived they were a poor and ragged group, but they grew to a great, sun-worshiping civilization. The Incas lived along the long coastal strip, and in the high peaks and deep fertile valleys of the Andes Mountains, and along the edges of the tropical forest to the east; this … The Incans built a large road system, devised a complex irrigation system and developed their own language. They spoke Nahuatl, and in their native language, the word Aztec described someone who came from the mythical Aztlán, which was located in northern Mexico. Advanced Mayan mathematics and astronomy used the concept of zero, a complex 365-day calendar and precise architectural-astronomical alignment. While we often think of roads as a modern-day thing, the Incan empire had thousands of miles of roads, as well as bridges and tunnels. The Inca were conquered by the Spanish and conquistador Francisco Pizarro in 1533. Their class structures were similar, and they all valued religion. Activities Crossword Puzzle Word Search Recommended books and references: Aztec, Inca, and Maya an Eyewitness Book by Elizabeth Baquedano. Populations grew. 2005. Much like modern society, they passed laws to be lived by. They had their own calendar and language. While royals sat upon thrones in the time of the Aztecs, it was an empire quite the same as those seen in European history. They also practiced ritual cannibalism from time to time. Both the Aztec and the Inca were defeated by Spanish conquistadors. The Olmecs were said to predate the Mayans, and their civilization declined around 400 BC. The Mayan, Inca, and Aztec civilizations each originated from Latin America. The Incans had a strong military and practiced governance over their people. Maria Anna Mozart: The Overshadowed Sister, © 2020 LifeSavvy Media. Spain conquered the Aztecs in 1521, wiping out the Aztecs as they had been known. Both the Aztec and the Inca were New World empires. Their empire in South America covered a vast territory, mainly in the Andes mountains but also including lowlands and deserts, stretching from what is now Quito, Ecuador to the Maule River in Chile. Aztec & Inca Simlarities ; ~ Both civilizations ended in the 1500's when the Spanish took over ~ Both used terrace farming and irrigation ~ Deeply religious and worshipped may gods Differences ; ~ Inca had no writing system ; the Aztecs used Hieroglyphics ~ Incas lived in the mountians of Peru and used llamas to help with farming ~ Incas built hundreds of miles of roads ~ Aztecs were more focused around the … Though, both these civilizations are Pre-European in their origin, it is the Native American people who have marvelous accomplishments in the history. They were the first to build sacred cities made of stone while their art, religion and even their love of ball games was passed onto other … The Aztec were ruled by a mighty empire in Mexico during the 1400's and early 1500's. There were many other civilizations in Mesoamerica that influenced each other. When you “died,” you still lived, just moved on. These resources to teach kids about the Maya, Inca, and Aztec will help your family and mine learn about ancient civilizations that were here before us. It is not known where they came from, as they did not... Incas. She's also a published poet and a short story writer. While the Spanish conquered the Incans in 1523, their stories and ways wouldn’t be wiped from history. From 250 A.D. to the late 1500’s A.D., three advanced civilizations, the Mayans, the Aztecs, and the Incas controlled Central America and South America. Like other Mesoamerican cultures, the Incas were also polytheistic, with most of their deities related to nature, such as Inti, the Sun God, and Mama Killa, the Moon Goddess. The Aztec’s ruled by a monarch and didn’t have the best control over their conquered peoples. The religious beliefs and practices of the Mayans and Aztecs were similar, but the Incas worshiped the sun. From treasure hunts and ancient gods to beautiful art and cities of ruin (and much great architecture still gorgeous to view), these ancient cultures left behind so much for the modern world to enjoy and learn. However, they also sacrificed people at all 18 of their annual holidays (the Incans also practiced human sacrifice, but not as often). Religion : Maya practiced Human Sacrifice and was polytheistic: Aztecs were polytheistic. Both civilizations were great warriors. Very little information about them exists, but some believe that the Mayan calendar originated with the Olmecs. They cut terraces into the land. Both the Inca and Aztec civilizations have similarities in religion, politics and social structure. *Includes over 50 pictures of the civilizations' art, ruins, architecture, and more.