"This is an extremely salty ocean by Earth standards," said the paper's lead author, Giuseppe Mitri of … var notice = document.getElementById("cptch_time_limit_notice_77"); Saturn's moon Titan is home to seas and lakes filled with liquid hydrocarbons, but what forms the depressions on the surface? 8 +  “This corridor is puzzling because it does not correlate with topography or measurements of the subsurface. function() { The findings are published in this week’s edition of the journal Icarus. ); display: none !important; Mike Wehner has reported on technology and video games for the past decade, covering breaking news and trends in VR, wearables, smartphones, and future tech. If Titan were a solid body, it would barely be affected, bulging only about 3 feet during its closest approach to Saturn. Data from Cassini, which orbited Saturn, and Huygens, Cassini’s surface lander on Titan, confirmed that Titan has water as well as numerous reserves of carbon-containing chemicals. 5 Saturn's moon Titan is home to seas and lakes filled with liquid hydrocarbons, but what forms the depressions on the surface? A dedicated Titan probe could give a real answer. Water ice was known to exist on Titan’s surface, but it was thought to be isolated to small, localized areas. .hide-if-no-js { Titan's Underground Ocean June 28, 2012: Data from NASA's Cassini spacecraft have revealed Saturn's moon Titan likely harbors a layer of liquid water under its ice shell. Titan is the only planetary body in our solar system other than Earth known to have stable liquid on its surface. All Rights Reserved. display: none !important; Apart from Earth, Titan is the only body in the solar system known to possess surface lakes and sea… +  ); Instead of water, liquid hydrocarbons in the form of methane and ethane are present on the moon's surface, and tholins probably make up its dunes. display: none !important; They found when impact craters are formed on Saturn's largest moon, it exposes relatively fresh 'water ice' from Titan's icy crust. Titan is primarily composed of ice and rocky material, which is likely differentiated into a rocky core surrounded by various layers of ice, including a crust of ice I h and a subsurface layer of ammonia-rich liquid water. Please reload the CAPTCHA. })(120000); [16] In Titan's dry equatorial regions, the sand piles up; but at higher, wetter latitudes, surface streams erode the sand away.  −  His love of And now, scientists have discovered a … }, (function( timeout ) { var notice = document.getElementById("cptch_time_limit_notice_15"); ); A massive strip of water ice dominates a huge portion of the planet’s midsection, stretching for nearly 4,000 miles, and its discovery has left scientists wondering what caused it. And yet, there are dynamic worlds like Saturn’s moon Titan, which may actually have more going on biologically than the Red Planet. Time limit is exhausted. In an era of diminished budgets, though, that may not happen for many years. In this case, a massive runway of water ice was hiding beneath the planet’s foggy face. Bigger than the planet Mercury, it has a thick, opaque atmosphere; complex weather; and lakes of liquid natural gas. The largest seas are hundreds of feet deep and hundreds of miles wide. The European Space Agency’s Huygens probe also measured radio signals during its descent to the surface, in 2005, that strongly suggested the presence of an ocean 35 to 50 miles (55 to 80 kilometers) below the icy ground. Please reload the CAPTCHA. Titan, the largest of Saturn’s moons, is a remarkable place. Saturn's largest moon, Titan, is a mysterious place; and the more we learn about it, the more surprises it seems to have in store. Please reload the CAPTCHA. Now, scientists have discovered a molecule in it that has never been found in any other atmosphere. From Titan's surface, Saturn subtends an arc of 5.09 degrees and, were it visible through the moon's thick atmosphere, would appear 11.4 times larger in the sky than the Moon from Earth. Read: Sushant Singh Rajput Excitedly Spots Jupiter, Saturn & Moon In Throwback Video | Watch. Please reload the CAPTCHA. Cassini collected an incredible amount of data during its 100+ flybys of Titan, but mining that data for new discoveries takes time as well as novel approaches. A giant of a moon appears before a giant of a planet undergoing seasonal changes in this natural color view of Titan and Saturn … Japan found water on an asteroid, and it could reveal secrets about Earth, A huge stimulus crisis is coming next month, and it’s all Congress’s fault, This doctor has 4 words that can save your life during the coronavirus pandemic. Moons on Jupiter ad Saturn harbour huge water bodies which are buried inside ice sheets. Saturn's largest moon, Titan, is the only moon in our solar system that has a thick atmosphere. There are other planets in the Solar System that presumably have water deposits under layers of ice and where microbial life might be found. NASA’s Cassini spacecraft, which studied Saturn for over 13 years, spent a great deal of time examining Titan as well, and data it gathered is still yielding new discoveries. © 2020 - Some Interesting Facts. Bottom line: Cassini spacecraft observation of land tides in the solid surface of Titan suggest that this large moon of the planet Saturn has an ocean of liquid water below its icy surface. There's now a geological map of Saturn's moon Titan and here's what it reveals There’s now a geological map of Saturn’s moon Titan and here’s what it reveals Titan is the only solar system object other than Earth boasting stable liquids on the surface, with lakes and seas of full of methane being major features at its polar regions. if ( notice ) }, three Past research suggested Titan has an ocean hidden under its outer icy shell 30 to 120 miles (50 to 200 kilometers) thick. This form of analysis acts like a filter, allowing the team to look past the most obvious features in Cassini’s scans and detect differences that might otherwise have been overlooked. setTimeout(  =  Water ice was known to exist on Titan’s surface, but it was thought to be isolated to small, localized areas. Saturn's largest moon, Titan, is the only moon in our solar system that has a thick atmosphere. Scientists suspect that Jupiter’s moons Europa and Ganymede also have hidden oceans. Ice-rich terrains in other areas of Titan occur only in local regions excavated by craters or exposed by erosion, suggesting that cryovolcanism, if active, is currently not widespread.”. It's four times denser than Earth's. 5 Govee Cyber Monday Deals You Can’t Afford to Miss! if ( notice ) setTimeout( And it's the only moon in our solar system that has an atmosphere. Investigators aim to explore this underground ocean in … While researchers continue to examine what mechanics may be at play to allow such a massive stretch of water ice to have collected on Titan’s surface, the work that led to its discovery is definitely worthy of praise. Titan has clouds, rain, rivers, lakes and seas of liquid hydrocarbons like methane and ethane. Jason Daley. At a balmy minus 179 degrees Celsius (minus 290 degrees Fahrenheit), Titan is a far cry from Earth. The researchers used a technique called principal component analysis to identify and effectively cancel out certain aspects of the data that can overwhelm more subtle differences. function() { Scientists say Saturn's largest moon, Titan, is the only body in our solar system besides Earth with liquid on its surface. timeout Beneath Titan’s thick crust of water ice is more liquid—an ocean primarily of water rather than methane. Cassini’s measurements revealed that Titan actually bulges a substantial 30 feet, indicating that the moon’s surface rides on top of a sloshing layer of water of unknown depth. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. (function( timeout ) { 5 Bigger than the planet Mercury, it has a thick, opaque atmosphere; complex weather; and lakes of liquid natural gas. function() { Not long after it reached Saturn in 2004, NASA and the European Space Agency's Cassini spacecraftspotted the first of the known lakes and seas on the … Some Interesting Facts - Random interesting facts from the World. It’s a vast world of ice covered in lakes of liquid. Saturn's moon Titan is a curiosity in our solar system, the only other body besides Earth to host liquid water on its surface. July 2, 2014: Scientists analyzing data from NASA’s Cassini mission have firm evidence of an ocean inside Saturn's largest moon, Titan, which might be as salty as the Earth's Dead Sea. Time limit is exhausted. Liquid lakes also dot its surface, some of which are incredibly deep, but they are filled with extremely cold liquid methane rather than water. Organics and liquid water are crucial ingredients for life. Your email address will not be published. Most recently, Mike served as Tech Editor at The Daily Dot, and has been featured in USA Today, Time.com, and countless other web and print outlets. The finding appears in today's edition of the journal Science. Of all the planets and moons in our solar system, Saturn’s moon Titan is definitely one of the strangest. var notice = document.getElementById("cptch_time_limit_notice_83"); }. })(120000); The discovery of a global ocean of liquid water adds Titan to the handful of worlds in our solar system that c… Image source: NASA/JPL/University of Arizona, Don’t pay $250 per box of 3M N95 masks when these work better for $2 each, New coronavirus symptoms were just discovered that could be early warning signs, Incredible new drug might work even better than a coronavirus vaccine, Dr. Fauci is terrified of what’s about to happen with COVID-19 in America, A baby was just born with coronavirus immunity, The best Cyber Monday laptop deals on Amazon, 10 Amazon Cyber Monday 2020 deals better than anything from Black Friday, Top 10 best-selling Cyber Monday 2020 deals on Amazon’s whole site, AirPods 2 are even cheaper for Cyber Monday than they were on Black Friday, 3M N95 masks and more are actually in stock right now at Amazon.  =  Now, a new paper published in Nature Astronomy reveals the existence of a rather peculiar feature of Titan that has remained hidden from view thanks to the moon’s hazy atmosphere. Titan is tidally locked, so the same part of Titan always faces Saturn, and there is no separate "month" cycle. But there are other places where life could potentially have blossomed as well, and a new study suggests that Saturn’s moon Titan could be a prime location for habitability. notice.style.display = "block"; timeout However, Titan's water bodies are exposed, therefore making it … The Cassini mission revealed many landforms on Saturn's moon Titan that are like those found on Earth. }, setTimeout( The discovery came from six flybys of Titan that NASA’s Cassini spacecraft, orbiting Saturn since 2004, made between 2006 and 2011. Saturn's moon Titan is the only moon in the solar system that has a thick and complete atmosphere, one filled with methane and nitrogen. They found when impact craters are formed on Saturn's largest moon, it exposes relatively fresh 'water ice' from Titan's icy crust. Like many of the larger bodies in our solar system, Saturn’s massive moon Titan has long been of interest to astronomers due to its unique surface features. On Titan, atmospheric processes bury the ice under a layer of sand-like organic material. .hide-if-no-js { Saturn's moon Titan has a very salty ocean. From there, scientists took the connections a step further and found that craters actually evolve differently, depending on where they lie on Titan. “Our analysis detected an ice-rich linear feature of bedrock, which extends a length equivalent to 40 per cent of Titan’s circumference,” the researchers explain. six But Titan is particularly intriguing because it has abundant organic molecules on its surface. }, Titan's surface is far too cold for water to remain liquid, but scientists think the moon hosts a salty sea of the stuff deep underground, like Enceladus, Europa and a … Last June astronomers added another wild detail to the profile: a global ocean buried beneath the icy surface. During those passes, astronomers measured how the intense pull of Saturn’s gravity deforms Titan during its 16-day revolution around the ringed planet. The Cassini spacecraft’s numerous gravity measurements of Titan revealed that the moon is hiding an underground ocean of liquid water (likely mixed with salts and ammonia). Seasonal change is driven by Saturn's year: it takes Saturn about 29.5 Earth years to orbit the sun, exposing different amounts of sunlight to Titan's northern and southern hemispheres during different parts of the Saturnian year. Titan, the largest of Saturn’s moons, is a remarkable place. timeout Determining, however, whether there actually is water on Titan will remain for quite a time, as there are currently no means to drill through 100 kilometers of moon ice. Aside from being the only body beyond Earth that has a dense, nitrogen-rich atmosphere, it also has methane lakes on its surface and methane clouds in its atmosphere. So far, Cassini’s observations hint at a disappointingly cold and inhospitable ocean floor. ten .hide-if-no-js { Last June astronomers added another wild detail to the profile: a global ocean buried beneath the icy surface. A new study using data from the joint NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA) Cassini mission suggests the moon's surface dissolves in a process that's similar to the creation of sinkholes on Earth. Time limit is exhausted. notice.style.display = "block"; })(120000); }, (function( timeout ) { A new study using data from the joint NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA) Cassini mission suggests the moon's surface dissolves in a process that's similar to the creation of sinkholes on Earth. reporting is second only to his gaming addiction. if ( notice ) Time limit is exhausted. notice.style.display = "block"; Scientists say Saturn’s largest moon, Titan, is the only body in the solar system besides Earth with liquid on its surface.  =  Is There Water on Saturn’s Moon Titan. And yet, there are dynamic worlds like Saturn’s moon Titan, which may actually have more going on biologically than the Red Planet.