Sternberg's 5 components of creativity. As a result of his lifetime of work, he won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2009. Big-C creativity is rare, according to Dean Keith Simonton, PhD, of the University of California, Davis. Result: creativity was positivity predictable through two components of emotional intelligence including emotiona l perception and optimism General emotional intelligence can positively predict dynamic and extension as two components of creativity. Although Cskiszentmihalyi’s theory discusses personality traits, it takes a less quantitative approach to measuring those traits compared to other creativity theories. Originality:The idea should be something new that is not simply an extension of something else that already exists. Spell. Some psychologists, such as cognitive psychologist Robert J. Sternberg, develop theories that encompass both types, little-c and big-C. Potential. The plethora of creativity theories developed over the past thirty years necessitated that scientists group the current theories into 10 categories. Functionality:The idea needs to actually work or possess some degree of usefulness. For example, Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, PhD, of Claremont Graduate University, is the architect of a systems theory that emphasizes big-C creativity, and how it takes place interrelationally among three components: Csikszentmihalyi summarizes his concept of creativity as any act, idea, or product that changes an existing domain or that transforms an existing domain into a new one. Psychology of Creativity Psychologists, concerned with behavior, benefit from an understanding of neurology, cognition and emotion. Creativity is typically used to refer to the act of producing new ideas, approaches or actions, while innovation is the process of both generating and applyingsuch creative ideas in some specific context. However, the current literature on the association between metacognition and creative thinking remains controversial, and the underlying role of metacognition in the creative process appears to be insufficiently explored and explained. The field of neuropsychology studies brain activity and correlates it … Sensitivity: the ability to notice and perceive the problems before others notice it or see it again. Intelligence is a complex characteristic of cognition. For example, many focus on big-C related topics relating to history’s major discoveries and innovations. Although creativity is often associated with the arts, it is actually a vital form of intelligence that drives people in many disciplines to discover something new. He explains that creators decide to buy low and sell high in ideas, meaning that they generate and pursue ideas and concepts that seem too unusual or out-of-the mainstream. Did you have an idea for improving this content? Creativity comprises several different aspects: (a) abilities, (b) knowledge, (c) styles of thinking, (d) personality attributes, (e) motivation, and especially intrinsic motivation, and (f) environment. AP Psychology Unit 5: States of Consciousness. psychological components necessary for an individual to produce creative work. It’s the ability to ask simple questions to develop unique and novel ideas. Social-Cognitive Theories and Exploring the Self (… 30 terms. Unfortunately, many different cognitive processes have been linked to creativity (Simonton & Damian, 2013). Creativity is the ability to produce new ideas. Divergent thinking has since become a characteristic identifier for creative thinking. Up until the middle of the last century, creativity wasn’t widely discussed among psychologists, let alone studied. Book reviewers, readers, and many critics – although not all - have called Rowling’s books “highly inventive,” labeling her as a “colossal energy” and describing her imagination as a “phenomenon.”, How else to describe creativity with a capital “C?”. Some would argue that its usefulness was to ignite a reading firestorm within a culture that educators and the media claimed didn’t read anymore. But what makes an idea or solution creative? The total number of interpretable, meaningful, and relevant ideas generated in response to the stimulus. Critical Thinking Attitudes. Einstein’s relativity theory was not a step-by-step deduction from classical physics but rather the theory was built upon a new foundation that challenged the very basis of traditional physics.When applying these three criteria, it is critical to recognize that originality, usefulness, and surprise are all quantitative rather than qualitative attributes of an idea. Even with the three criteria for creativity (originality, usefulness, and surprise), determining whether art is “creative” can prove difficult. For example, using a brick as a paperweight represents a different conceptual category that using its volume to conserve water in a toilet tank. Place. However, in a speech to the American Psychological Association in 1950, psychologist J.P. Guilford proclaimed that creativity had been overlooked as a research topic, and challenged researchers to study it empirically – to come up with a plausible way of describing how creativity actually occurs.